What are antibacterial drugs?

Antibiotics or antibacterial drugs - the name of a group of drugs that are used in the treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms. Their discovery occurred in the XX century and became a real sensation. Antimicrobial agents were considered a panacea for all known infections, a miracle cure for terrible diseases that humanity has been exposed to for thousands of years. Due to their high effectiveness, antibacterial agents are still actively used in medicine for the treatment of infectious diseases. Their appointment has become so common that many people buy their own non-prescription antibiotics at the pharmacy without waiting for the doctor's recommendations. But we must not forget that their reception is accompanied by a number of features that affect the outcome of treatment and human health. What you should know before using antibiotics, as well as the specific treatment of this group of medications, we will consider in more detail in this article.

It is interesting! Depending on the origin, all antibacterial drugs are divided into synthetic, semi-synthetic, chemotherapeutic drugs and antibiotics. Chemotherapeutic or synthetic medicines are obtained under laboratory conditions. In contrast, antibiotics are the products of the life of microorganisms. But, despite this, for a long time already the term "antibiotic" in medical practice is considered a full-fledged synonym of "antibacterial agent" and has a general free distribution.

Antibiotics - what is it?

Antibiotics are special substances that selectively affect some microorganisms, inhibiting their vital functions. Their main task is to stop the multiplication of bacteria and their gradual destruction. It is realized due to the violation of the synthesis of harmful DNA. There are several types of effects that antibacterial agents can have: bacteriostatic and bactericidal.

  • Bactericidal action. It indicates the ability of drugs to damage the bacterial cell membrane and cause their death. The bactericidal mechanism of action is characteristic for Klabaksa, Sumamed, Isofra, Cyfran and other similar antibiotics.
  • Bacteriostatic effect. It is based on inhibition of protein synthesis, suppression of microorganism multiplication, and is used in the treatment, as well as in the prevention of infectious complications. Bacteriostatic effect has Unidox Solutab, Doxycycline, Tetracycline hydrochloride, Biseptol, etc.

Ideally, antibiotics block the vital functions of harmful cells without adversely affecting the cells of the host organism. This is facilitated by the unique property of this group of drugs - selective toxicity. Due to the vulnerability of the bacterial cell wall, substances that disrupt its synthesis or integrity are toxic to microorganisms, but harmless to host cells. Exceptions are potent antibiotics, the use of which is accompanied by adverse reactions.

Antibiotics: benefit or harm?

The belief that antibiotics are extremely harmful to human health is not without meaning. But it is valid only in case of improper treatment, when there is no need to prescribe antibacterial drugs. Despite the fact that this group of medicines is now in free admission without prescription being realized through the pharmacy network, it is by no means independent or at its discretion to take antibiotics. They can be prescribed only by a doctor in case of a serious bacterial infection.

If there is a serious illness that is accompanied by a fever and other symptoms confirming the severity of the disease - it is impossible to delay or abandon antibiotics, referring to the fact that they are harmful. In many cases, antibacterial drugs save a person's life, prevent the development of serious complications. The main thing is to approach antibiotics with intelligence. Below is a list of popular antibacterial drugs, instructions for which are presented on our website. Just follow the link in the list for instructions and recommendations for using this drug.