Viral eye infections often cause loss of vision. 10-30% of people lose sight from wrong treatment. It is possible to avoid unpleasant consequences due to correct and timely treatment. The cause of many inflammatory eye diseases are infections. Almost 50% of patients are people with red eye syndrome. And approximately 80% of patients are sick with eye infections, which can be of different nature, but always show similar symptoms.
Causes and symptoms of eye infections
Often bacteria get into the eyes from the external environment. Burns, allergies, and trauma can be the cause of eye infection. Another cause may be continuous eye strain. Nowadays, a lot of people work on computers every day and do not allow their eyes to rest.
Another eye infection may appear due to environmental influences, continuous wearing of lenses, dry air in the room. The most common symptoms of eye infections:
- Function failures;
- Red eyes;
- Foreign body sensation.
If you do not show yourself to the doctor in time and start treatment, you can lose sight. There were situations when the most common infection became the cause of a pronounced inflammatory process. The effectiveness of treatment depends on the medicine that is prescribed for treatment.
Eye infections in adults
From medical statistics, it is known that conjunctivitis is the most frequent infectious disease. It is characterized by damage to the outer shell covering the inner lid and partially the front apple of the eye. This shell has the name conjunctiva, from it the name of the disease occurs.
The first signs of such a viral infection are the rezi in the eye, the sensation of a foreign body under the eyelids. Sometimes there is swelling of the eyelids and abundant secretion of mucus. On the conjunctiva appear small, hardly noticeable, but easily removable films. In this situation, she will have a slow development, and the moments of exacerbation are often replaced by an improvement in the patient's well-being. Because many do not rush to go for help to a doctor and are treated only if rapid fatigue and photophobia interfere with life or work. Bacterial conjunctivitis is formed unexpectedly, its causative agents are staphylococci and gonococci. Eye infections can form in children. In adults, such a disease can be associated with dry eye syndrome. Many people like to touch the eyes with unwashed hands. This allows bacterial conjunctivitis to develop.
There is one essential feature in the treatment of this disease. It can have different root causes (pathogenic pathogens). For this reason, the schemes of using drugs in each individual case will be different. Correctly choose them can only a doctor, based on the results of tests. With conjunctivitis, one should not self-medicate. Not knowing the cause of inflammation, incorrect application of drugs can cause great complications, when you already need to save the eye itself.
Herpes infection of the eye should be highlighted. Often this virus is located on the cornea, but it can damage the eyelids. In the beginning, they itch, then they form a bubble rash. Usually, herpes is manifested after a cold or severe hypothermia. The largest number of cases of herpes of the eye occurs in the cold season. However, it can happen in the summer due to overheating in the sun. Most often, it appears due to a decrease in the body's resistance, hypovitaminosis, but it can also occur due to other diseases. In this case, you must first treat the virus.
Another common disease is blepharitis. This is the focus of inflammation, which is located on the edge of the upper or lower eyelid. This disease can develop due to prolonged exposure to the eyes of a corrosive substance, smoke, volatile liquid, due to a chronic infection in the body.
Causes and symptoms of eye infections in children
Children have 3 main types of eye infections:
- Obstruction (blockade) of lacrimal ducts;
- Blennorei of newborns (infection in childbirth).
If you exclude infection in childbirth in infectious eye diseases, eye infections in children usually go untreated. Conjunctivitis is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, a thin membrane covering the sclera (the white of the eye) and the inner surface of the eyelids. The cause of conjunctivitis can be a viral or bacterial infection, an allergy or some kind of irritating effect. Viral conjunctivitis often develops against the background of a cold; The process is usually two-sided and can last for several weeks. Viral conjunctivitis does not respond to treatment with antibacterial eye drops.