Trichomoniasis is a defeat of the genitourinary system, which causes trichomonads. For the first time trichomoniasis was described at the beginning of the 20th century, at the same time physicians guessed that it could be infected sexually. To date, according to the frequency of occurrence, this disease has finally outstripped gonorrhea and syphilis, every year it infects more than 300 million people.
In school at the lessons of zoology we all studied the simplest microorganisms. We examined under the microscope amoeba, infusoria-tufflek and chlamydomonads. Trichomonas vaginalis is also a microorganism from the realm of protozoa: unicellular, small, oval or pear-shaped, with whiskered whiskers. Only in contrast to harmless protozoa, Trichomonas lives in the genitourinary organs of a person and causes inflammatory processes in them.
Ways of infection with trichomoniasis
The least chance of catching trichomoniasis with oral and anal sex. Most of all - with the introduction of the penis into the vagina. Household contamination happens, but extremely rarely. For example, if you rub your genitals for a long time with the same washcloth that the patient just used, or wipe it with a damp towel.
What happens in this case?
Once in the urethra or in the human genital organs, the trichomonads quickly attach to the cells covering them (with the help of flagella). Then insidious microorganisms begin to multiply intensively. When they become too much, they begin to damage the host cells. From the moment of infection to the first signs of the disease usually runs from 4 days to 4 weeks.
In women, trichomoniasis is manifested by inflammation of the vagina (colpitis), cervix (cervicitis), and glands secreting the lubricant needed for sexual intercourse. In men, the urethra (urethritis) and the prostate gland (prostatitis) most often become inflamed.
To suspect trichomoniasis in women is much easier for women than for men.
The first thing that should alert - the allocation of foamy fluid from the vagina whitish color. It is important to pay attention to the smell: with trichomoniasis, the secretions smell of foul fish. In addition, the external genitalia of a woman blush and swell, there is an itch and a burning sensation, and sex becomes a torture. If Trichomonas have settled in the urethra, pain may appear when you urinate.
In men, in most cases, the disease is asymptomatic. The main and only sign of trichomoniasis in the stronger sex is pain and burning during urination.
Than it is dangerous?
Because of inflammatory changes in the genitals, Trichomonas often becomes the cause of female infertility. Male infertility Trichomonas cause, gluing sperm and eating sperm nutrients.
Trichomonases not only cause trichomoniasis, but also can hide in their bodies other microorganisms that cause STDs. Their most frequent "cohabitants" - gonococcus (gonorrhea) and treponema (syphilis). Being inside the trichomonads, these bacteria become inaccessible to medicines. So, while a person has not got rid of unicellular parasites, other venereal diseases can not be cured.
Suspected trichomoniasis, it is necessary to consult a doctor. A gynecologist will help women, and a urologist for men. Similar to trichomoniasis symptoms are found in other diseases, so it is very important to correctly diagnose. It is not excluded that patients will need consultation dermatovenereologist.
To diagnose trichomoniasis, take a swab from the genital organs and look under the microscope for trichomonads. In women, the discharge from the vagina is examined, in men the discharge from the urethra and the secretion of the prostate gland. The result of a common smear is confirmed by more accurate methods of investigation: direct immunofluorescence, PCR, or inoculation.
Trichomoniasis is a treatable disease. It is necessary only strictly to comply with all the prescriptions of the doctor and have patience.
The doctor will prescribe special anti-trichomoniasis medications, drugs that increase immunity, vitamins and physiotherapy. Both sex partners should get rid of the causative agent at the same time. From sex to the end of the course of treatment should be discarded. If this rule is violated, then the recovered partner may become infected again. After treatment, it is necessary to undergo a control examination. Only after this the doctor can accurately say that trichomoniasis is defeated.
From trichomonads can save condoms, the exclusion of casual sex and use within two hours after sexual contact antiseptics.